6 Types of Abrasives And What You Should Know Before Using Them 


Whether you’re a professional tradesperson or a DIY enthusiast, understanding abrasives and their specific uses will empower you to make informed decisions and achieve outstanding results.

Abrasives are essential tools used in various industries, especially in construction and carpentry. They are crucial in smoothing, shaping, and polishing surfaces, making them a staple in every craftsman’s toolkit. In this article, we will explore six different types of abrasives and what you need to know before using them. 

  1. Burrs

Burrs are small rotary cutting tools commonly used for precise shaping, carving, and engraving tasks. They are available in various shapes and sizes, making them ideal for intricate work on materials like wood, metal, plastic, and ceramics.

  1. Diamond Discs

Diamond discs, as the name suggests, incorporate diamond particles for superior cutting performance. They are widely used in the construction and stone industries for cutting hard materials such as concrete, ceramic tiles, and granite. Diamond discs are known for their durability and precision.

  1.  Fibre Discs

Fibre discs consist of abrasive grains bonded to a strong fibre backing. They are commonly used for stock removal, blending, and finishing applications on metals and wood. Fibre discs are known for their versatility, durability, and excellent heat dissipation properties.

  1. Flap/Mop Discs

Flap or mop discs are flexible grinding discs with overlapping flaps that deliver a consistent finish on curved or irregular surfaces. They are widely used for deburring, blending, and finishing operations on materials such as metal, wood, and plastics.

  1. Grinding Discs

Grinding discs are abrasive wheels designed for heavy-duty material removals, such as weld grinding, rust removal, and surface preparation. They are available in various shapes and sizes, catering to different applications and power tools.

  1. Metal Cutting Discs

Metal cutting discs are specifically engineered for cutting through various metal materials, including steel, stainless steel, and aluminium. These discs deliver clean and precise cuts, making them essential for metal fabrication and construction projects.

Bonus Abrasive Extras 

Power Tool Sanding – Smooth Surfaces in Seconds

Power tool sanding involves the use of sanding pads or discs attached to power tools such as random orbital sanders or belt sanders. This method offers faster and more efficient sanding, saving time and effort in achieving smooth surfaces.

Detail Sanding Sheets – Getting into Tight Spaces

Detail sanding sheets are smaller sanding pads used for intricate sanding tasks. They are often used with hand tools, such as sanding blocks or detail sanders, to reach tight corners, edges, or contours that are difficult to access with larger sanding equipment. Detail sanding sheets are available in various grit sizes, allowing for precise and controlled sanding.

Browse our Abrasives Collection 

Each type of abrasive discussed in this article serves a unique purpose and offers distinct advantages. Whether you need to shape, smooth, or cut materials, understanding the characteristics and applications of these abrasives will help you work more efficiently and effectively. At Icon Fasteners, we provide a wide range of high-quality products at competitive pricing that meet Irish construction industry standards. We work closely to meet your needs, focused on providing excellent customer service. 
Most items in stock in our vast warehouse are available for next-day delivery. If the item you require is not in stock, we can usually get it to you within 3 days, which will be quoted on order. Our trade counter offers customers the opportunity to buy online and collect in-store, and we are located off the N11 in Wicklow Town, conveniently between Dublin and Wexford. Browse Icon Fasteners’ abrasives collection today and discover the high-quality products we have to offer.